"Now I'm not only a Mormon cliché; I'm also a puppy." - Claudio
Question #15880 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

how hard is it to get into the music program? i heard its really competitive. Do you know compared to other majors how hard the program is?

- maestro in training

A: Maestro,

Here's a brief run-down of what to expect.

You must audition. If they think you're good enough, they admit you as a "general music major" for your first year. During that first year, you take your general classes such as theory, sight singing, dictation as well as any pre-reqs for your degree program. You must get at least a C in all those classes.

At the end of your first year, you have some kind of mysterious "jury" process you must go through. (I picture it to be something like what Harry goes through at the beginning of Order of Phoenix.) If you do well enough in this, congrats. You're in.

For more info, call the school of music advisement center at 422-3777.

- Beemer Boy
Question #15877 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is it that somedays I am constantly hungry, whereas other days I hardly eat anything, and I am not doing anything drastically different? Bodies are weird.

- Adam

A: Dear Adam,

Hunger mechanisms are based on a large number of things, which include (but are not limited to) calorie need, hormone level, mental status, and many other things. If you are exercising a lot more than usual on a particular day, then you are more likely to be hungry. This is a mechanism the body has established to help the body stay at an optimal energy level (and to keep you from wasting away.) Hormone and other chemical balances also change your appetite by supressing or increasing metabolism. Also, your mental status is related to your appetite. Have you ever been very sad or upset to the point were you had no appetite? This is an example of how your mental status could change your rate of metabolism and/or your appetite. For example: right now I am in class until 2 pm every day. Due to the intensity of some of my classes, I am so busy that I rarely think about food. It will be about 3 or 4 pm before I remember that I am incredibly hungry. These, and many other factors, can change your body's reaction to food, and also the way you think about food, all of which ultimately cause your hunger mechanisms to fluctuate.

Aspen
Question #15872 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've never used a serger before. Would one be able to sew through about 5/8" of fabric? If so, is there a serger on campus I can use?

- Seven layers in one seam! (three upholstery, one gathered upholstery, one fleece, one gathered fleece, one crepe)

A: Dear Seven layers,

My HFAC costume shop source says: no. A regular surger would not be able to sew through that much material, although an industrial surger might. She suggests that you try each layer separately to see how many layers it will do, but that it definitely won't do all seven.

As to whether or not there is a surger on campus--there are sewing machines for student use in both Deseret Towers and Heritage Halls, but I don't know if there are any surgers.

- Katya
Question #15864 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why do the Jews believe that Elijah will come during the Passover? I can find no part of the prophecies of Elijah's return that would connect him to the Passover. How did this become a part of their tradition?

- Religiously Inquisitive

A: Dear Religiously Inquisitive,

As found at http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/easter/elijah.html:
The origin of the tradition that Elijah would return at Passover seems to have been lost in antiquity. It has been suggested that Elijah's return was associated with Passover, the feast commemorating the redemption of Israel, because it would herald the coming of the Messiah, the Redeemer of Israel.

Whatever the origin of the association of Elijah with Passover, the tradition was proved correct when Elijah did return at Passover in 1836. However, he did not return at the Passover meal, when the cup was offered on the evening of Friday, April l. Instead, he returned on Easter Sunday, the second day of Passover, the day of the presentation of the firstfruits of the harvest.

On Easter Sunday, 3 April 1836, the Prophet Elijah returned during Passover and fulfilled Malachi's prophecy (see Mal. 4:5-6) when he restored priesthood keys in the Kirtland Temple.

The long-awaited return of Elijah occurred in the Kirtland Temple on Easter Sunday, 16 Nisan, 3 April 1836. First the Savior appeared, followed by Moses, then Elias, and finally Elijah.
I also sent an email to Victor Ludlow who is quite the specialist in Jewish studies in BYU's religious department asking about the origin of the tradition. He responded: "I've tried as well with rabbi friends, Talmudic sources, Jewish historians, etc. and nobody seems to know when and how it originated - probably sometime during the inter-testament period during the time of the Persian rule of Palestine." It looks like you have found another question that we may not know the answer to until we read the FAQ's on the Pearly Gates (see Board Question #15482).

-Pa Grape
Question #15859 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What are the best exercises to tone your lower abdominal area? It seems like crunches, sit-ups, etc only work your upper abs.

- Celery Lover

A: Dear Celery Lover,

Many regular abdominal exercises work the entire core, but here are some specific for lower abs:
1. Lie flat on your back and raise your legs
2. Lie flat with legs strait and pull your head up (like a regular crunch) but keep your head strait and imagine a string from your chin to the ceiling
3. Reverse curls: using an elvated bench with your legs stable (your upper body kind of hangin over) and doing a crunch. Yeah, those suck (they hurt more cuz you are going against gravity.

Essentially one of the best things to do for your lower abs is to simply flex it while you are doing any ab exercises. Imagine someone is going to punch you in the stomach. Seriously though, its all about working the entire core--its the healthiest and most effective way.

- Princess
Question #15857 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When did the "Council of the Twelve" become the "Quorum of the Twelve" and why?

-Not One of the Twelve

A: Dear Not One of the Twelve,

That governing body has always been known as the Quorum of the Twelve as referenced in D&C 107:23-24
23 The twelve traveling councilors are called to be the Twelve Apostles, or special witnesses of the name of Christ in all the world-thus differing from other officers in the church in the duties of their calling.

24 And they form a quorum, equal in authority and power to the three presidents previously mentioned.
Or as http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/basic/organization/priesthood/quorum_12.htm explains it:
Several titles refer to the body of the Twelve apostles: the Quorum of the Twelve, the Council of the Twelve, or simply the Twelve. The designation Quorum of the Twelve is the scriptural title and the formal name used by the First Presidency in presenting the Twelve to Church members for their sustaining vote. The designation Council of the Twelve is used commonly in Church publications and in communicating with persons of other faiths.
So truly, while Quorum is the more accurate term, Council is also in contemporary usage. It's simply less formal.

-Pa Grape
Question #15853 posted on 06/23/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What are my options for connecting a laptop without a S-Video port to a TV?

- No one in particular

A: Dear No one in particular,

You need one of these, or something similar. http://www.aver.com/products/comptv_QuickPlay.shtml Of course, this is a fairly hi-end solution, and cheaper ones can be found, however this product is available at the BYU Bookstore.

-cubic nerd
Question #15836 posted on 06/30/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In some foreign languages (specifically French, since I speak it) certain verbs use a different auxillary for their past tenses (i.e House of être/Mr and Mrs. Vandertramp). Can this ever legitimately happen in English? Like, why do we sing "The Lord is come" in Joy to the World and not "The Lord has come"?

- I am become very interested in this

A: Dear interested,

Yes, it can. From my classical understanding of grammar, the distinction is that "house of être" verbs are more like adjectives than like verbs, so they take the auxiliary that goes with adjectives. Allow me to illustrate:

J'ai vendu (la chaise). Je suis arrivée. Je suis américaine.

Notice that not only does the second verb take the same auxiliary as the adjective, it also agrees with the subject--just like the adjective.

This merry little digression aside, the verbs in English that can take "to be" are more or less of the same class as the French verbs--intransitive verbs of motion. This is why you can say "He is risen" instead of "He has risen." (You may point out that the first one refers to a change of state, not to a past tense of a verb. This is precisely my point--since there is no direct object, the verb affects only the subject.)

I'll let Melyngoch deal with it from a more modern perspective.

- Katya
A: Dear Way to be become,

There is a nearly-extinct type of verb in English called an unaccusative. Unaccusative verbs are nearly always verbs of motion; they're distinct because they don't assign any type of semantic role to the subject of the sentence. In a sentences such as

Esperanza sacked Troy.

we know that Esperanza is the person doing the sacking, the agent of the sacking -- that's the role that Esperanza gets from sacking. However, unaccusative verbs can take a subject which is "expletive" or semantically empty.

Herakles goes.
There goes Herakles.

Herakles refers to a person; There refers to nothing -- not even, in this case, a direction. Unaccusatives assign no semantic role to the left; they assign it exclusively to the right.

Unaccusative verbs are also the verbs which can be put in the past perfect using be instead of have. Sometimes, because many verbs of motion no longer behave as unaccusatives in modern English, this results in an antiquated-sounding structure, such as The Lord is come. Other times it seems perfectly normal: Zerubabel is gone.

As far as I can tell, the semantic roles are the reason. Be is the inflection for progressive verbs because it suggests a state. Verbs of motion, when in the perfect tense, are fundamentally change-of-state verbs, so it makes sense for them to take be. Other radical state verbs, like rain, also take non-semantic subjects: It's raining.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15820 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Last Christmas, my uncle played a song for me (on his iPod- he'd fit right in on campus). It was sung by Alison Krauss, and all I can remember is that it's a really sad song about this guy who goes hunting but ends up shooting his love instead. Do you have any idea what the name of this song is?

- Your Ain True Love

A: Dear Your Ain True Love,

I browsed the lyrics of every (as far as I can tell) Alison Krause song and didn't find any song that matched your description. Your best bet to find out what song it was will probably be to call your uncle as no one I talked to could place the song either.

-Pa Grape
Question #15516 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When you have a cut inside your mouth, what is the healing process as compared to a cut/wound outside the mouth? Obviously it never scabs...

- <shudder>

A: Dear Blank,

The process of wound healing is generally the same, whether in the mouth or elsewhere, but with a few small differences. Some of the differences in the mouth that researchers have noted are:
* earlier and greater phagocytic activity ( the removal of the clot and other junk);
* more rapid growth to the surface layer in the oral mucosa;
* better mucosal blood flow;
* moist surroundings allow better cell movement;
* warmer temperatures in the mouth;
* greater metabolic activity in the cells of the mouth;
* higher mitotic rate (that's the speed of cell division);
* and growth factors in saliva
These things make the cut heal faster.

Aspen
Question #15494 posted on 07/13/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Two questions -- and I DID check the archives so I hope I was thorough...

1. I understood that once an artist had died, there was no owner for the copyright, and many items became property of the public, or something like that. This explained why the bargain bins always have a million Motzart, Bach, and Ella Fitzgerald CDs selling really cheap. If this is the case, is there anywhere on the internet that I can find free downloads of, say, old Bing Crosby songs?
2. While doing my research, I found an archival question that confused me. (Board Question #7984) Part of it says, "If you got the MP3 from a friend or associate or some other means, you do not own the right to play that song and it is therefore a 'pirated' or illegal copy (even if they actually own the CD)." Another part reads, "Getting a 'copied CD' from your friend is also, generally, not illegal. The US copyright laws allow you to copy music for your friends. It actually says that."
Now, that seems confusing and contradictory to a small mind such as mine. If it's not, can you explain why?

Thanks,
Tara*Star

A: Dear Tara*Star,

1--This isn't necessarily true. Music (and other published works) falls under the public domain (which means you can copy it as you like without infringing copyright) if it was published in or before 1922. Copyright with anything can get a little tricky. For instance, the composer or author of a work doesn't always own the copyright. If the creator produces the work for a company, the company owns the copyright. (For example, two short stories and half of a lesson manual that I wrote are under copyright by Independent Study because I was on the clock when I wrote the material for them.) Composers and authors can also sell rights to their work. So even after the creator dies, a company may still own the rights to the work.

When considering who owns copyright, you need to look at the different parts of works that are copyrighted. For instance, on your favorite CD, the recording could be owned by one party, the music by another, and the lyrics by a third. There are also performance rights and publishing rights, which can be further divided into American rights and world rights, etc.

Music copyright is especially odd. Anything before 1922 is unprotected. Things published between 1922 and 1972 are protected for 75 years from their copyright (which is fixed as 1972, per Title 17). The Bono legislation added an additional 20 years to that.

Much of the information above was obtained from http://www.copyright.gov/title17/

2--Sharing music with friends. The two accounts you read on the Board are both correct. It is legal to share your music with your friends, if by "share" you mean "make a mixed CD" for one or two friends and if by "friends" you mean "people you actually know." However, if you are mass distributing music or selling music to which you do not own the copyright, you are in violation of the law.

Other bits of file-sharing wisdom:
Don't mess with movies. The copyright owners will come after you and ruin you. If you download, don't share files or make them visible on the Internet. The Board does not, of course, encourage illegal file-sharing.

Also, to stay within the law in your copyright use, you will want to continue to update your knowledge frequently, as the laws are continually changing.

Cheers,

Ambrosia
Question #15262 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I am thinking of a book in which a character sings a line from a song: "Whooooooo is Sylvia? Whaaaaat is she?" Now, I've done my preliminary research and I know that this is from Shakespeare's "Two Gentlemen of Verona," and that there is a famous setting of this poem to music by Franz Schubert. I also know that this phrase is the subtitle to Edward Albee's Tony award-winning play "The Goat" (which, for anyone interested, is hilarious, though inappropriate). I just don't know what book this reference is in. This might be impossible for you to track down without further detail, so I'll give what I suspect is the answer: I think it comes from one of Enid Blyton's "Malory Towers" books. It is either in the scene where Darrell Rivers slaps June Johns in a practice room, where June might have been singing this song (?)(meaning it is in "Upper Fourth at Malory Towers") or it is some younger students making fun of Maureen's awful singing voice (meaning it is in "In the Fifth at Malory Towers"). I would, of course, just go find these books myself, but I don't have access to a library for a while, and, plus, I'm not positive that's where it's from. The powers of Google have failed me, and so I turn to you, O Almighty Board. Help me, please, before I lose my mind in wondering!

--Petra

A: Dearest, dearest Petra,

Do you know how difficult to come by are the books you mention? But I have them at last beside me, here where I toil day after day, and with them I have, also, bad news. The line "Whoooooo is Sylvia? Whaaaaat is she?" appears in neither one. June Johns is not singing in Upper Fourth at Malory Towers; she is playing scales on the piano. The song Maureen sings in In the Fifth at Malory Towers goes untitled, and the song which Connie and Bridget sing in response to Maureen's monstrous attempt also goes untitled, but is adjusted to "Here is MOIRA. HERE -- is SHE-E" when Moira walks in.

This, then, is my theory. It is entirely possible, and even moderately likely, that the song which Blyton had in mind for the Bridget/Connie debut was, indeed, "Who is Sylvia?" It certainly scans appropriately. Having read this in the faint and fading past and left it to degrade in the molder of your memory, you thereafter came upon the Albee play, with the line unaltered. Thereupon, you collapsed the two into a single reference within a single text.

That, or we were seven hundred hours too late, and you already lost your mind in wondering.

Cheers!

-A. A. Melyngoch