Look out for the future, because you never know what it might bring…
Question #15928 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is 'sugar' pronounced as 'shugar'?
As far as I can see from the dictionary, all other words beginning with 'su-' do not produce this sound, so why this one word?
Even other words in English beginning with the letters 'sug-' are pronounced differently.



A: Dear Si,

The first part of "sugar" used to be pronounced more like "sue." The vowel in that syllable is a high, back vowel and sometimes consonants change to be more like the vowels that are near them. (It's called "assimilation.") Anyway, "sh" is a sound that's pronounced higher in your mouth than "s," so the word changed from being something like "soogar" to "shoogar," and then the first vowel dropped to become our modern "sugar."

Sometimes sound changes are isolated (they affect only one word)--so not all English words beginning in "su-" or "sug-" are going to sound the same.

- Katya
Question #15927 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why come there's so many Irish singers that sing about Australia? Are they somehow historically connected? Songs like The Band Played Waltzing Matilda, and The Ballad of Jack Dolan and others. They're all about stuff that happens in Australia, but the songs seems to be Irish in origin. What's the deal?

- Trillian

A: Dear Trillian-

Like Italians in Argentina, or Dutchmen in South Africa, there is a significant number of people in Australia that have Irish heritage--as much as a third of Australia's population are ethnic Irish. With that large a community, they were able to maintain their cultural heritage in a way that did not occur in most of the U.S. (Though places like Boston and Chicago are exceptions.)

-The Franchise
Question #15926 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Which law enforcement officials man pull you over on the freeway? Is it different in different states? I heard the Texas Rangers would pull over anybody anywhere, is that true?

- A good driver, don't worry

A: Dear Sure you are,

Well, that depends on the state. Utah, for example, it makes no difference. Any law enforcement officer can pull you over anywhere. A BYU cop can pull you over in Ogden and a Weber County Sheriff deputy can pull you over in Moab. It makes no difference because they are all Utah State Peace Officers. All that silly stuff you learned from Dukes of Hazzard about just crossing that county line is nothing but myth.

Now, generally, officers only actively enforce the law (as in patrol) the areas that their specific employing department covers. That doesn't mean they don't have police powers elsewhere, they are just responsible for that specific area.

As for highways here in Utah, if you get pulled over it will most likely be a Utah Highway Patrol officer. However, that doesn't mean that another officer won't pull you over. Many departments will patrol stretches of highway that run through their jurisdiction. And nothing prohibits them from doing so.

One note though, don't confuse what the law says with what a department policy may say. A certain police department may have a policy against its officers initiating traffic stops outside of the agency's jurisdiction. However that does not make it illegal for the officer to do so.

This can vary by state. I don't know the laws for every state. That is something you'll have to check on in your own time. However I will tell you that in Texas, yes, the Rangers do have statewide jurisdiction and can therefore pull you over anywhere in the state.

-CGNU Grad
Question #15925 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If there is a pregnant lady and she runs away and hides from her husband, would she be considered a kidnapper?

- somebody who's not going to run away...just curious

A: Dear not running-

Custody rights vary by state. In Utah, an unmarried woman has full custodial rights over a child. Elsewhere, these rights vary, but are generally tilted toward the mother.

-The Franchise
Question #15924 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

My friend swears he knew a guy in the MTC with a really odd disorder. Whenever this guy saw things that were abnormally sized he would pass out on the spot. While this makes for an absolutely hysterical story (companion whips out mini soap, guy passes out. Cafeteria serves mini carrots, guy passes out. Little old lady in the field pulls out her big scriptures, guy passes out, etc.) it sounds pretty implausible. Does such a disorder exist?


A: Dear Anthropologiee,

After an exhaustive dig into the vast resources at my disposal I resurfaced with...nothing. There is no record of any disorder like the one you have described. However, don't lose hope, we can make up something plausible.
A phobia is an irrational fear of a specific situation, action, or object. I suppose one could be afraid of any object, including an abnormally sized one. Fear can cause many physical symptoms, including fainting. Therefore, we will have to invent a phobia of abnormally sized objects.
How about megalomicrophobia? That's the fear of large and small things.
Or awrysizeophobia. Fear of objects of incorrect size.
Have fun, go crazy, invent your own phobia. We could even name it after you: Anthropologiee-ophobia. After all, none of the current phobias out there were identified until somebody manifested them and somebody else named them. I guess you were right, it does sound pretty implausible. It may be just one of those MTC legends, like the elder who escapes over the back fence once a week.

Question #15922 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How many different ways are there to have eggs? Pictures and diagrams would be nice.

- Quiche

A: Dear Quiche,

The Joy of Cooking lists: soft-cooked, hard-cooked, coddled, sautéed, fried, poached (in soup or wine), eggs Benedict, cowboy eggs, scrambled, baked (or en cocotte), in a nest, curried, creamed, masked, stuffed (or deviled), in an omelette, in a soufflé, in a timbale, or in quiche.

It would take a lot of space and work and time to add pictures or diagrams for all of these, so I'll let you do your own search on the variety you're interested in.

- Katya
Question #15921 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear all knowing 100 Hour Board,

in the movie Forrest Gump, Lt. Dan (Gary Sinise) looses his legs in Veitnam. Now, Gray really hasn't lost his legs, so how they make it look like he did? i just can't figure it out!
thanks you so much!

- "But, you ain't got no legs, Lieutenant Dan."

A: Dear "But you ain't got no legs!",

That depends on which scene you're talking about. In the scenes where Lieutenant Dan is sitting in a wheelchair, he's actually sitting with his legs tucked beneath him. The wheelchair was specially designed by special effects artist Ricky Jay. It has a seat that slants in just such a way that Gary Sinise could hide his legs without people noticing that they were being hidden.

In the boat scene, however, it's pretty apparent that Sinise is not just tucking his legs backwards. That scene was done by the people at George Lucas' Industrial Light and Magic. They digitally erased Sinise's legs from the frames and replaced the erased parts with realistic background images - this included making sure the shadows were accurate, as well as making sure the viewers couldn't see the way Sinise's real legs disturbed the water when he jumped in for a swim. In the final picture, you really can't tell that the image has been changed - it's pretty impressive what they can do.

Question #15916 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How exactly DO you get a Tax ID number?

--Someone who wants to know

A: Dear Someone who wants to know,

That depends on what kind you want. Generally, your Tax ID number is just your Social Security Number unless you are in some special circumstances. Check http://www.irs.gov/businesses/small/international/article/0,,id=96696,00.html to make sure you are getting the right kind. Once you have determined what kind of Tax ID number you need, click on the link under that type that takes you to the application. Fill out the application and submit it appropriately. Not a whole lot else to it.

-Pa Grape
Question #15915 posted on 06/22/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I had read an essay many years ago expounding on the theory that The Smurfs cartoon was used as a vehicle to propogate communism to children. After reading it, I thought the author was pulling at straws in order justify his hypothesis.

Now, watching reruns of The Smurfs and having studied communism/socialism more extensively, I find that the author was correct in many of his theories.

What are your thoughts on this idea? Do you think other cartoons (past or present) propogate other philosophies? (If you can supply examples, I would love to hear your theories). What is this propaganda doing to the generations--are there any outward manifestations today in certain generations of philosophies taught to them as children?

Thank you for any/all comments!

- Registered Socialist applebrown

A: Dear Registered Socialist applebrown,

All fictional works, even those peddled to children, contain ideas about the culture in which they were created or the culture that the creator imagines. Disney films (with the exception of a few, like Mulan) propagate the idea of a female waiting to be rescued (Snow White, Sleeping Beauty...). In college I attended a seminar that went into detail on how the situation of women in America as second-class citizens is due in part to the ideas represented in Disney films. I don't agree, but that's just the thing about fiction: it does not have to answer to the realm of the possible.

As far as Communism, it's a great theory. I wish it worked. It's easy to be carried away by a representation of something as complex as socialism when presented in a neat and tidy little blue package. But life is not a tidy little blue package, is it? The trick is to adapt the ideals that are good in communism and find a creative way to make them work within the present system. The only other alternative is a social revolution and that is not always a guarantee of success. Read some Theda Skocpol for more info on that.

Other examples of film/TV as vehicles for ideologies include the movie "Vanilla Sky" as a vehicle for Scientology (starring follower Tom Cruise and directed by follower Cameron Crowe). Another example is "Fight Club" for anarchy (among other things). C.S. Lewis's use of the Christian ideals as a narrative tool in the Narnia books is also an example that is going to be put on the big screen.

My advice to you is to accept fiction as being an outlet for the desires of artists and not accurate depictions of the real world. Good thing cildren aren't solely influenced by media (though its impact is not negligible).

-la bamba
A: Dear Registered Socialist,

Think of it this way. The Smurfs lived in something resembling Marx's ideal of communism: everyone worked, everyone ate, everyone had the things they needed, and everyone fulfilled a fulfilling function. There are a lot of good morals in that, and whether you view Gargamel as a representation of capitalism or not, the fact is that his interest in making money via the exploitation of others is evil. If we recognize that as something that happens frequently in a capitalist economy, then we've recognized a flaw in capitalism, not a communist bent in the cartoon. There's no evidence that the Smurf creators were consciously trying to create propoganda so that the children of the 80's would grow up communist; I think it was just a touchy-feely express-your-feelings-and-be-happy everyone-share-together decade.

Consider this: aren't families communist? Everyone puts in whatever work they can, whether bringing home a paycheck or mowing the lawn or whatevs, and everyone reaps the benefits equally. It's not bad system, just because it doesn't work in a broad governmental way. Moreover, as I recall, the The Care Bears, Rainbow Brite and co., My Little Ponies, and Strawberry Shortcake all lived in communes, too, but I always thought of them as big happy pastel-colored families, not sparkled-up versions of Soviet collective farms.

-A. A. Melyngoch
Question #15913 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How does one know if he/she has experienced racism? As a minority at BYU, I feel there are several situation where I feel left out.

I am wondering if I am just mad at the people in general or if there is a genuine case of racism. There are not many people I can turn to about this, as most of the people I know at BYU are white and they just think I am making a big deal out of nothing. They just don't beleive me and think I am just out there to find a reason to bring out the subject of racism. They think I am looking for an excuse. I am basically trying to come to terms with it and wanting to know if I can somehow make myself not think about it all the time.

- the other non-white guy on campus

A: Dear the other,

Racism is a hard to experience, particularly at a university that strives to promote Christian ideals.

Whether you are experiencing racism or not is hard to determine. Are you being excluded on the basis of your race alone or socioeconomic background (which often become conflated)? Are there people who make comments or whose actions lead you to believe that they believe that you are inferior due to your race? Do people make assumptions about you based solely on race?

If you are experiencing discomfort at school and your peers think you are making a big deal out of nothing, are you telling them about specific experiences and how they make you feel? They may be incosiderate, but that does not necessarily make them racist. There is a difference, but sometimes they are related.

BYU is not exactly diverse, but there are a number of students from different backgrounds who might be able to realte to the specific experiences you are dealing with. I attended a college where I was not in the racial majority but I personally stayed away from cultural groups until I had created an identity for myself as something other than a girl of a certain cultural background. When I was able to identify myself as person, I found comfort in attending cultural events with people who had grown up in similar circumstances and who had similar tales of growing up to tell. Reach out to your peers if you feel that a sense of community is what is making your experiences more marked.

Just remember that college is a time when everyone, to some degree or another, feels disconnected from who they thought they were. We're all looking for a place to call our own and BYU might be an opportunity for you to share your experiences with people who have never had multicultural friends. You could be a valuable friend for someone who will take a job in Detroit or Baltimore or Hawaii who might benefit from your unique worldview.

It must be frustrating to feel antogonized but remember that people's actions and words are not always considerate for reasons that extend beyond racism.

-la bamba
A: Dear other black (?) guy,

This is a really tough issue, and the short answer is that you can never really be sure, unless someone comes straight out and says "Just so you know, I'm treating you differently because you aren't white, like me." Which doesn't happen so often.

You start out being sure that things won't happen to you, that we live in a different age and that you're in a different group of people and then things just . . . start to happen and the first few times you shrug it off, but then you start to wonder, and worry. And then the next time something happens, you're even more suspicious. It's pretty easy to get into a state where you percieve every unfair event that the universe hands you as a personal put-down, and people will start to tell you that you're paranoid, but the truth is that you just don't know.

If you're white, you don't automatically think "racist" when a cop pulls you over for apparently no reason. If you're black or hispanic, you probably do. Truth is, sometimes cops just pull people over for no apparent reason. Or maybe your tail light was out. But the truth also is, that if you're black or hispanic, you probably get pulled over for "no reason" a lot more that whites do. So a little suspicion is justified.

I don't pretend for a second that I, a product of three kinds of Scandinavian ancestors, have ever been the victim of racism. I don't pretend to "know what you're going through." On the other hand, I most certainly have been the victim of sexism, having spent several semesters as a student and TA in a department which is at least 80% male. And I learned, slowly, that there are some guys who just don't really listen to girls or take their opinions seriously. Most of the time it was subtle enough that I wondered if I was imagining it, but a couple of instances were so blatant that I couldn't pretend it was anything else.

As far as your friends go, I think that most white people don't want to hear that they may be racist or that anyone may be racist. We like to think that as long as we're "nice" then everything will be OK. And if we're going to exclude someone, at least we were "nice" about it, right?

To be honest, I think that it takes a very smart, very wise person not to be racist or discriminatory. It takes a lot of work and thought to realize that you might be able to get along with someone different from you, and to figure out how to relate to them. (I think my heart is in the right place, but I can be very shy and I'm terrified of accidentally offending my non-white acquaintances.)

Please don't chalk up racist behavior to malice; it's probably just stupidity. Please don't think that you're just imagining things; people who tell you that are stupid, too. Please try not to jump to conclusions all the time--not because you're necessarily wrong, but because it's unhealthy to be paranoid.

You have been called to be Different, and I don't envy you that for a moment. You are Different in race from your churchmembers at BYU and you are Different in religion from your brothers of color. God can see that you are no different on the inside, but it will take very wise people to do the same. Try to find wise friends, try to educate your stupid friends and try to live as best you can in a difficult environment.

Ça ira,

- Katya
Question #15911 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I recently just ordered a subscription to farms.byu.edu thinking that I would have access to a huge library of research on the book of mormon. it was kind of a heat of the moment purchase. I was wondering what exactly I just spent 25 dollars on, because as far as I can tell, I could access the same articles when I wasn't a member as I can now and I'm kind of dissappointed. Maybe you can make it sound like less of a waste of my money. Thanks

- Mahonri

A: Dear Mahonri,

According to the FARMS website, subscribers to the basic $25 subscription

receive print copies of the Insights newsletter and the Journal of Book of Mormon Studies. They also have access to the FARMS online archives of newsletters, journals, The FARMS Review, selected papers and books, video, audio, and a 20% discount on FARMS products through participating bookstores.

So beyond the normal website access, you can get a discount on FARMS products, and you'll receive actual copies of their newsletter and journal in the mail. As for website access, according to Valerie Merrell over at FARMS, the newest articles are available for subscribers only. So although most of the articles you can access now are articles you were able to access before, there are a few additional articles that are now available to you as a subscriber.

I hope that you enjoy your membership!

Question #15910 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I was playing boggle with some friends the other night, and we got a round with no vowels. Now we're all wondering--what are the odds of that?


A: Dear boggled-

I took my standard Boggle game out and counted the number of vowels on each die. (I included the two 'Y' sides and 'Qu' as vowels.) One die has no vowels, two dice have only one, six have two, five have three, and two have four. The probablilties of rolling conosonants for each of these groups is 6:6, 5:6, 4:6, 3:6, and 2:6. Multiply the consonant probabilities of all the dice together, and you saw something that happens about once every 4884 games of Boggle.

-The Franchise
Question #15909 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

A friend of mine wants us to go dancing before she leaves down. Specifically, she wants to go clubbing. Are there any clubs in Salt Lake, playing either Latin or hiphop on Friday nights, that won't be completely scandalous? I know, I know. Not the wholesomest atmosphere. But she really wants to go dancing, and my clubbin' connections are out of town and can't tell me where I should go to avoid (as much as possible) the drugs and sex. Please help!

-just wanna dance

A: Dear just wanna dance,

If you're into Latin, your absolute best bet is BYU Salsa Club. I love their dances. There's a free one in the RB this Friday night. Go to http://groups.yahoo.com/group/byu_salsa/ for more details on Salsa Club events. Also, this Friday night there will be a big dance at Seven Peaks playing both hip hop and Latin music. That one's not free, but still probably won't be too scandalous. If you want dancing in Salt Lake, Mambo (http://www.mamboslc.com) is the Latin place to go on Friday nights. The 16 & up floor only plays reggaeton & is mostly full of crazy vatos, so if you want good dancing or good Latin music you'll have to go to the 21 & up floor. Of course, they serve alcohol, so that can create quite a bit of sketchiness if people around you are drinking. If you go there, I'd say bring a boy with for protection or to keep any creepy people away. Sometimes Café Del Sol on Canyon Road also has Latin dances on Friday nights, but I've never been able to get into one since they're always so crowded.

If you want to go out Saturday, there's a free salsa dance at Gualberto's (across from Movies 8) starting at 11pm, or Trolley Square (700 E 600 S) and Mambo (3620 S State) both have Latin dancing. There's a new Latin club in Sugarhouse called Karamba at 1051 E 2100 S, but I've never been there so I can't tell you much about it other than the fact that they serve alcohol and are open both Friday and Saturday nights.

If you want to stick to an environment with LDS standards, I would check out http://www.ldsdanceinfo.com. They sponsor dances every Friday night at the Copperview Community Center in Midvale.

As for hip hop clubs, I know of several. Unfortunately, I don't think I would recommend any to you based on things sketchy things I've heard about them or the sketchy guys old roommates have brought home from them. If you want to stay away from most of the scandalousness, I would recommend that you stick to either Latin clubs or dances such as those put on by Salsa Club, Seven Peaks or ldsdanceinfo.com. Wherever you decide to go, I hope you have a safe and fun time!

Question #15906 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I went mud wrestling for the first time in my life recently at Rock Canyon Park. While I thoroughly enjoyed myself, there was one downfall: the mud smelled awful!!! A lot like sewage, actually. Do I need to be worried about catching some terrible disease from frolicking through sewage-y mud? What caused it to reek so badly? Do you know if it was human or other sewage if it was indeed that? Sorry this is kind of disgusting.

-Usually zestfully clean

A: Dear usually zestfully clean,

That is really foul and I am sorry to hear of your experience. Who knows how much sewage runoff there was in the particular mudpit within which you rolled. The Board is not equipped with a forensics lab and you have sent us no sample. I have pasted a link with information on sewage spills. Assuming the mud contained some sewage, the effects are probably not as strong.

Warning: not for the weak of stomach

-la bamba
Question #15903 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Could you help me find the English translation of Falco's songs "America" and "Tango the Night"?

- Amadeus

A: Dear Rock me,

From www.mann-electronics.de/falcoworld/falco-calling/translat.htm:


The story is like this:
Everyone knows
It obviously began
It was with rock and roll music,
Not always easy in this country
What sits in me- is white and spurting -
Is completely clear to me.
Although I do drink Whiskey and sing since I was in the USA
People there say "Falco you are wonderful"
I don't take them very seriously
While they buy my records which they would buy anyway
It doesn't bother me
The typical in me - I am not a type- I am high and I am low
At one time going one way, another the opposite.
You have to take me as I am
I tell you straight
Show me a nice foot (a girl's), and I'll be there!

America, can you believe how much I'm missing you
America, can you believe how much I'm missing you

Der Spiegel says: "Vienna is in"
And if they don't know, who does?
And if Mr Smith has a bald head, let's go and sell him a comb..

The man was thick, the girl was slick, so he went and asked
"What's your name?"
"I'll take 2000, cash", the girl says. [sorry, word-play on the English & German, can't be translated)

You have to take us as we are
We tell you straight
Show us the next president and we'll be there
... or not

America, can you believe how much I'm missing you
America, can you believe how much I'm missing you

"I would like to have that wonderful Wiener Schnitzel"
Give him a 'Polnische in a Wachauer' (basically something like a hot dog)
"Yeah, that's really great"
But it is quite clear,
The man says "That'll be100"
No, schilling, not dollars,
Let's not overdo it

America ... La la la - la la - la la

I can't find a good translation for "Tango the Night," so I'll give it a shot:

Tango The Night

Schwung gepflegt im Séparée - Well-groomed swing(ers) in a separate (something)
Mit Champagner ein Couplé - A couple with champagne
Nur deine Leidenschaft - Only your passion
Der Leib - die Glut - die Kraft - Body - Fire - Force

I kiss your lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

Was weißt denn du, was Liebe ist, What do you know, what love is
Wenn alles du beim Tanz vergißt - When you give everything in a dance
Nur deine Leidenschaft - Only your passion
Der Leib - die Glut - die Kraft - Body - Fire - Force

I kiss you lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

Ein téte-á-téte im Séparée - A one-on-one (encounter) in a separate (something)
Mit Champagner ein Couplé - A couple with champagne

I kiss your lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

I kiss your lips
I hold you tight
Your body's swaying in the pale moonlight
We dance until the break of day
We'll tango the night away

We'll tango the night away

- Katya
Question #15898 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why Y? and why not B? U would just be silly, but why not B instead of Y?

- Curious Physics Minor

A: Dear CPM,

Once upon a time, someone high up thought it would be a good idea to spell "BYU" on the mountain in big white letters. School spirit and all that. So they started putting it up, and being the brilliant planners that they were, started with the "Y" to make sure everything was centered correctly. While the "Y" itself is the letter right in the middle, you may have noticed that the "B" and the "U" haven't yet shown up. As it turns out, the project was a whole lot more expensive and labor-intensive than anyone expected, and so they just left the "Y." Until then, most people referred to BYU as BYU. But the letter on the mountain meant we could shave a whole syllable off of the cumbursome BYU title. We can now call it "The Y." And that's what people did.

Interesting bit of side trivia- up until very recently, maintaining the Y has been the job of new freshmen. During orientation, they were recruited to form a bucket brigade up the trail to repaint, and any extra boulders had to be carried up by hand, too. Welcome to BYU, kids. It's time for a service project. Well, not anymore. I hear something similar goes on, but the people who do it aren't freshman automatically signed up for a service project.

-Uffish Thought
Question #15897 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

This is my second (and third) food question within the last 2 weeks. I apologize for my food obsession, but being from the east coast, I miss the variety of foods that do not appear here.

I have been praising the French Bakery gods for bringing a delightful French Bakery to Orem. But my question is, are there any Italian bakeries around? I am dying for a canoli.

I might as well throw one more food question in (2, 2 for the price of 1!)... I'm also looking for a place that sells scones and clotted cream--a British tea room maybe. Are there any in existence around Utah Valley or SLC?


--The food obsessed applebrown

A: Dear applebrown,
British products can be purchased at the London Market, 563 South 700 East in Salt Lake City. Phone: 801-531-7074. They even have a website at thelondonmarket.net. I've only been there once, unfortunately. Check it out and see if they have anything that you are interested in. And if you go, pick me up some McVittie's caramel biscuits while you are at it. :)
A: Dear The food obsessed applebrown,

I can deeply sympathize. I miss Mike's Pastry in Boston more than I can express. Speaking of Mike's that is one option to satisfy your cannoli cravings. At http://www.mikespastry.com/ you can order cannoli's (some assembly required). Those cannolis are fantastic.

Another option is that Costco used to carry an assemble your own mini cannoli kit. They weren't too shabby but certainly not the best.

Lastly, I have heard great things about the cannolis and other pastries at Kneaders. There's one in Provo (295 West 1230 North) and one in Orem (1990 North State St.).

I need to make a trip over there myself.

-Pa Grape
Question #15896 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

In Joseph Smith History in the Pearl of Great Price 1:36, Joseph said the Angel Moroni quotes part of the third chapter of Malachi, and later in verse 41 he said that there were other scriptures that Moroni quoted. Are there any alternate accounts of these four visits of Moroni? Do we know which verses of 3rd Malachi that Moroni quoted? Do we know of any of the other scriptures that Moroni quoted?

- Patata Brava

A: Dear Patata Brava,

There are four accounts of Moroni's visitations to Joseph when he revealed the existence of the plates. I started going through them and making a list, but I came across a great article in Gospelink. It is in Studies in the Scriptures, Vol. 2: The Pearl of Great Price by Kent P. Jackson. That discusses your question in a fair bit of detail. Scroll down to the section entitled "The Scriptures of the Restoration". If you are able to use Gospelink, just click here: http://gospelink.com/library/doc?doc_id=274864&highlight_p=1.

For the benefit of those who don't have Gospelink, here is the list of scriptures as listed in the article:
Malachi 3
Malachi 4:1
Malachi 4:2-4
Malachi 4:5-6
Isaiah 11
Acts 3:22-23
Joel 2:28-32

Those scriptures are mentioned by Joseph directly. The following scriptures are mentioned in second hand accounts written by Oliver Cowdery:
1 Con 127-29
Isa. 29:14
Isa. 29:13
Isa. 29:11
Psalm 100:1-2
Psalm 107:1-7
Psalm 144:11-12
Joel 2:28
Psalm 144:13
Psalm 146:10
Isa. 1:7
Isa. 1:23-24
Deut. 32:23-24
Isa. 1:25-26
Psalm 107:7
Isa. 2:1-4
Isa. 4:5-6
Jer. 31:27-28
Jer. 31:32-33
Jer. 30:18-21
Jer. 31:1
Jer. 31:8
Isa. 43:6
Jer. 50:4-5
Jer. 31:9
Jer. 31:6
Isa. 2:3
Isa. 11:15-16
Jer. 16:16
Deut. 32:43

So we don't know specifically which parts of Malachi 3 were quoted but the article notes that verses 1-4 seem significant and relevant and seem to emphasize similar topics emphasized in other specific references that Joseph says Moroni talked about. I really suggest getting the article from Gospelink as it reallly discusses the significance of the passages Joseph specifically references.

-Pa Grape
Question #15882 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Suppose the world were much the same as it is now - still rotating at the same rate, still just as far from the sun, etc. - but it were flat instead of spherical. What would be different?

- Amalthea

A: Dear Amalthea,

That depends. Is it rotating with the axis cutting across the flat disk of the Earth (like spinning a quarter), or is it rotating with the axis going through the middle (like a CD or an LP)?

Spinning like a quarter:

Only two time zones. All of one side of the earth sees the sun at the same time and at the same angle.

Spinning like a CD:

It would be very cold. All of our sunlight would hit us at a pretty steep angle--in fact, we'd be like the north and south poles in that we'd only get sunlight for 6 months out of the year.

Gravity would probably be noticeably stronger near the center of the disk in both situations. I can't really think of any other things--I'm sure there would be a lot of differences, but they're not really coming to mind right now.

- Katya
Question #15880 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

how hard is it to get into the music program? i heard its really competitive. Do you know compared to other majors how hard the program is?

- maestro in training

A: Maestro,

Here's a brief run-down of what to expect.

You must audition. If they think you're good enough, they admit you as a "general music major" for your first year. During that first year, you take your general classes such as theory, sight singing, dictation as well as any pre-reqs for your degree program. You must get at least a C in all those classes.

At the end of your first year, you have some kind of mysterious "jury" process you must go through. (I picture it to be something like what Harry goes through at the beginning of Order of Phoenix.) If you do well enough in this, congrats. You're in.

For more info, call the school of music advisement center at 422-3777.

- Beemer Boy
Question #15877 posted on 06/25/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why is it that somedays I am constantly hungry, whereas other days I hardly eat anything, and I am not doing anything drastically different? Bodies are weird.

- Adam

A: Dear Adam,

Hunger mechanisms are based on a large number of things, which include (but are not limited to) calorie need, hormone level, mental status, and many other things. If you are exercising a lot more than usual on a particular day, then you are more likely to be hungry. This is a mechanism the body has established to help the body stay at an optimal energy level (and to keep you from wasting away.) Hormone and other chemical balances also change your appetite by supressing or increasing metabolism. Also, your mental status is related to your appetite. Have you ever been very sad or upset to the point were you had no appetite? This is an example of how your mental status could change your rate of metabolism and/or your appetite. For example: right now I am in class until 2 pm every day. Due to the intensity of some of my classes, I am so busy that I rarely think about food. It will be about 3 or 4 pm before I remember that I am incredibly hungry. These, and many other factors, can change your body's reaction to food, and also the way you think about food, all of which ultimately cause your hunger mechanisms to fluctuate.

Question #15872 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've never used a serger before. Would one be able to sew through about 5/8" of fabric? If so, is there a serger on campus I can use?

- Seven layers in one seam! (three upholstery, one gathered upholstery, one fleece, one gathered fleece, one crepe)

A: Dear Seven layers,

My HFAC costume shop source says: no. A regular surger would not be able to sew through that much material, although an industrial surger might. She suggests that you try each layer separately to see how many layers it will do, but that it definitely won't do all seven.

As to whether or not there is a surger on campus--there are sewing machines for student use in both Deseret Towers and Heritage Halls, but I don't know if there are any surgers.

- Katya
Question #15864 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why do the Jews believe that Elijah will come during the Passover? I can find no part of the prophecies of Elijah's return that would connect him to the Passover. How did this become a part of their tradition?

- Religiously Inquisitive

A: Dear Religiously Inquisitive,

As found at http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/easter/elijah.html:
The origin of the tradition that Elijah would return at Passover seems to have been lost in antiquity. It has been suggested that Elijah's return was associated with Passover, the feast commemorating the redemption of Israel, because it would herald the coming of the Messiah, the Redeemer of Israel.

Whatever the origin of the association of Elijah with Passover, the tradition was proved correct when Elijah did return at Passover in 1836. However, he did not return at the Passover meal, when the cup was offered on the evening of Friday, April l. Instead, he returned on Easter Sunday, the second day of Passover, the day of the presentation of the firstfruits of the harvest.

On Easter Sunday, 3 April 1836, the Prophet Elijah returned during Passover and fulfilled Malachi's prophecy (see Mal. 4:5-6) when he restored priesthood keys in the Kirtland Temple.

The long-awaited return of Elijah occurred in the Kirtland Temple on Easter Sunday, 16 Nisan, 3 April 1836. First the Savior appeared, followed by Moses, then Elias, and finally Elijah.
I also sent an email to Victor Ludlow who is quite the specialist in Jewish studies in BYU's religious department asking about the origin of the tradition. He responded: "I've tried as well with rabbi friends, Talmudic sources, Jewish historians, etc. and nobody seems to know when and how it originated - probably sometime during the inter-testament period during the time of the Persian rule of Palestine." It looks like you have found another question that we may not know the answer to until we read the FAQ's on the Pearly Gates (see Board Question #15482).

-Pa Grape
Question #15859 posted on 06/24/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What are the best exercises to tone your lower abdominal area? It seems like crunches, sit-ups, etc only work your upper abs.

- Celery Lover

A: Dear Celery Lover,

Many regular abdominal exercises work the entire core, but here are some specific for lower abs:
1. Lie flat on your back and raise your legs
2. Lie flat with legs strait and pull your head up (like a regular crunch) but keep your head strait and imagine a string from your chin to the ceiling
3. Reverse curls: using an elvated bench with your legs stable (your upper body kind of hangin over) and doing a crunch. Yeah, those suck (they hurt more cuz you are going against gravity.

Essentially one of the best things to do for your lower abs is to simply flex it while you are doing any ab exercises. Imagine someone is going to punch you in the stomach. Seriously though, its all about working the entire core--its the healthiest and most effective way.

- Princess
Question #15857 posted on 06/21/2005 3:01 a.m.

Dear 100 Hour Board,

When did the "Council of the Twelve" become the "Quorum of the Twelve" and why?

-Not One of the Twelve

A: Dear Not One of the Twelve,

That governing body has always been known as the Quorum of the Twelve as referenced in D&C 107:23-24
23 The twelve traveling councilors are called to be the Twelve Apostles, or special witnesses of the name of Christ in all the world-thus differing from other officers in the church in the duties of their calling.

24 And they form a quorum, equal in authority and power to the three presidents previously mentioned.
Or as http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/basic/organization/priesthood/quorum_12.htm explains it:
Several titles refer to the body of the Twelve apostles: the Quorum of the Twelve, the Council of the Twelve, or simply the Twelve. The designation Quorum of the Twelve is the scriptural title and the formal name used by the First Presidency in presenting the Twelve to Church members for their sustaining vote. The designation Council of the Twelve is used commonly in Church publications and in communicating with persons of other faiths.
So truly, while Quorum is the more accurate term, Council is also in contemporary usage. It's simply less formal.

-Pa Grape