"I don't mind stalkers. As long as they're socially-responsible stalkers." - Yellow

While we appreciate factual corrections, consider posting on the Board Comment Board, brought to the readers by popular request.

Check out the Board Bachelorette! The first challenge and its results have been posted. The second challenge must be completed by 11:59 pm, MST, Friday July 1st.

Question #87132 posted on 06/27/2016 3:56 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I'm interested in getting stronger and looked up the 5x5 app you all recommended a couple weeks ago. Here's my one hangup with starting: having a spotter. Do you have to have one for squats, bench presses, overhead presses, barbell rows, and deadlifts? It's more enjoyable for me to go to the gym alone, so I'd rather not bring someone for that purpose - to spot each other. (With a partner it feels too much like homework.) If I do need a spotter, would it put out other gym-goers if I asked one to spot me? I'm really not a very outgoing person and just the thought scares me! but I'd like to still try and get stronger. What would you do if you were me?


-1234

A:

Dear Musculoso,

Bench pressing is the only one you should need a spotter for. If you're not strong enough for the other ones you just won't lift the weight. If you're not strong enough for the bench press you'll get stuck under the bar, or potentially drop it on yourself. And sometimes you can do it for a few reps before your arms suddenly give out, so I'm a fan of spotters for bench pressing. 

I've never seen someone ask a random gym-goer to spot them, but I usually go with people I already know, so I don't pay attention to what other people do. It would probably be fine if you did ask someone, just make sure they're not in the middle of something else. You can also scope out the really serious scary gym-goers from the more normal people, so just ask someone who looks like they wouldn't mind being interrupted for a little while. And who knows, maybe you'll even find your swole-mate at the gym when you ask them to spot you! (You now all have permission to hate me for using the word "swole-mate" in this answer).

Remember that the most important thing for all of these exercises is having good form. It doesn't matter how much you can lift if you mess up your body while doing it, so you might want to check yourself out occasionally in the mirror just to make sure your form is good.

Have fun working out! Who knows, you might even see me at the gym one of these days. I'll be the one whose ponytail is falling out, looking really tired after lifting very small amounts of weight.

-Alta 


0 Corrections
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What socially appropriate way is there to deal with barking dogs and roaming cats in your neighborhood? In the first case we don't know who the owner is, in the latter we do.

-Sleepless in a town that doesn't alliterate with any sleep deprived synonyms.

A:

Dear Sleepless,

Well, I can tell you what not to do. My coworker just moved to Orem to be closer to work. He and his wife have a dog who barks a lot. After a week of living there, they got a notice in the mail saying they were being taken to court by their neighbor for noise ordinance violations because of their dog. They received no warning, their neighbor didn't talk to them, everyone was very stressed out, and my coworker had to pay a fine and ended up on probation for having a dog bark for more than 10 mins straight. 

Now, I'll admit, having a dog barking all day long can be extremely annoying. Still, my coworker would have worked harder to train their dog (it's a puppy still) and would have liked to keep a good relationship with his neighbors but now that bridge is burnt and they are still stressed out because of it.

I guess I would say, find out whose dog it is and talk to them. People are generally kinder and more considerate than you might think. I mean, if they turn out to actually be jerks or something then I guess you can bring them to court but really, no one wants that. Spread some love and maybe your problem could be solved a lot faster and you could make some friends too, who knows. 

-Spectre


0 Corrections
Question #87131 posted on 06/27/2016 3:12 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've got a tough one for you here. I got a moving violation (non-parking) traffic ticket in Provo (where I live), and in order to mitigate any consequences with insurance I intend to both pay the fine and attend traffic school.

The problem is, I still have my California driver license, which means when I called the Provo justice court they said that the Utah County traffic school might not actually get the points removed from my license (on the other hand, no points may have been added, either).

Have any of you either been in this situation or know someone that has? What should I do to remove or mitigate points on my license? Does this mean I need to take a California traffic school course?

-At least they extended my due date until August

A:

Dear August,

That IS a tough one. Here's what I found out.

There are two main agreements that facilitate the sharing of citation data between states: The Driver License Compact and the Non-Resident Violator Compact (source). States that are a part of these compacts share citation data with each other. Michigan and Wisconsin are the only two states that are not in at least one of those, but they still have their own ways of sharing data (source). So basically, California will know that you have been issued a citation and it will be attached to your driving record.

The good news is that notifications of citations are not sent straight to your insurance company. The company has to find them out on their own by requesting your MVR, or motor vehicle record. This costs money, so unless you are a high risk driver (lots of past claims and tickets, younger drivers) insurance companies generally only do it when your policy is up for renewal (source). This will obviously vary from insurance company to insurance company, as will the penalties for a violation, but for an isolated offense your rates shouldn't go up too much.

I wasn't able to find out about whether traffic school would transfer from state to state. Your best bet would be to get in contact with the California DMV and ask them whether you need to do traffic school in California to remove any points from your license. 

As a side note, I once got a California ticket on my Utah license after crashing one of the Lord's Corollas. It was nothing too serious, but it unceremoniously ended my whole two weeks of driving on my primarily-car-areas mission. As a side side note, California tickets are EXPENSIVE. More relatedly, when I went to get my MVR a few years later for a job, there wasn't anything on there (I assume it was because a certain amount of time had passed though). 

Good luck,
The Skipper


0 Corrections
Question #87126 posted on 06/27/2016 3:02 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What's with law offices keeping every paper they ever touch?

-Legal Inquirer

A:

Dear you,

My guess is that they see enough situations where having a paper trail would have been a "make or break" factor for a case that they want to make sure they always have the info they need. It's easier to create a blanket policy about keeping everything than trusting to human judgment and error to decide what paper is likely to come in handy someday.

-Zedability


0 Corrections
Question #86997 posted on 06/27/2016 3:02 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I have been randomnly given a souvenir from Mayan ruins someone was visiting. I proceeded to look into what in the world it meant

http://people.tribe.net/027eaed5-d3be-4f88-820a-215a2727c7eb/blog/8aea084e-ba25-4ff5-8f09-2103e9138a1d

It looks like this and so I was able to see it was the Mayan Zodiac calendar on the rim and in the center is depicted the "god who has been carrying the burden of time for 5,000 years".

From this article:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/pythia-peay/end-of-the-mayan-calendar-predicts-a-new-healing-myth-for-the-world_b_2302033.html

This god seems to have transitioned in Dec 2012

Is there a name for the god carrying this burden either before 2012 or after?

I can't seem to find a name. Can you find it?

-True Name

A:

Dear you,

Unfortunately, I was not able to find a name for either of those gods. However, the article talked about how the last long count cycle was "the Fourth World of the sky," and this one is "the Fifth World of the underworld." You might be interested in this list of Mayan gods, which lists several sky and underworld gods. It might be one of those.

-Zedability


0 Corrections
Posted on 06/27/2016 2:42 p.m. New Correction on: #87097 I've been taking Lexapro for anxiety & depression for about 8 years. It's been okay for ...
Posted on 06/27/2016 1:47 p.m. New Correction on: #87110 I'm looking for a translation of the New Testament that has more modern language than the ...
Question #87112 posted on 06/27/2016 12:54 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

If I have money, to what extent do the rules apply to me?

-Mokuba

A:

Dear you,

It depends, how much can you offer me to look the other way?

-Zedability will accept no less than $5000, or a lifetime supply of brownies

A:

Dear Mokuba,

They don't.

-Spectre


0 Corrections
Question #87110 posted on 06/27/2016 12:14 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I'm looking for a translation of the New Testament that has more modern language than the KJV, but also maintains the KJV's lyrical beauty.

Any suggestions?

-My Name Here

A:

Dear Mynaem,

I served my mission in Latin America and someone gave a missionary in my district an English New Testament that was very unusual. The cover was colorful with pictures of a bunch of black people dancing and one dude with dreads whipping his hair back like this. It looked sweet but I was just like, "What does this have to do with the Bible?"

The Bible translation was very modern, but, for those moments when the translation wasn't modern enough, there were sections called "Say What?" in the margins where they translated it into gangsta slang.

It was the best thing ever.

I have searched high and low for that translation again but I can't find it. So, I guess I can't actually answer your question, I just wanted to share that with you. And if any reader knows about that translation, post a link to it in the Board Comment Board so I can get one.

-Spectre

A:

Dear you,

I just discovered Da Hawai`i Pidgin Bible. I think it will suit your needs. From the same part of Matthew 10 that Mo referenced, I give you this:

"29 Dey sell two sparrow birds in da market fo one penny. But not even one sparrow bird goin fall down from da sky on top da groun if yoa Fadda no like. 30 Yoa Fadda, he even know how much hairs you get on top yoa head! 31 No scared! Cuz God know you guys worth mo den plenny sparrow birds."

Now if that's not lyrical beauty, I don't know what is.

-The Entomophagist

A:

Dear you,

This is a really difficult question to answer, because what is beautiful to one person may not necessarily be beautiful to another. I would suggest starting with this list of King James-derived modern Bible translations. You can probably find various copies for free or cheap by Googling, vising other churches, and looking around at your local library or bookstores. You don't have to buy every copy to try it - if a bookstore carries it, you could flip to a chapter you're familiar with and read through it to see how you like that particular translation.

-Zedability


1 Correction
Question #87097 posted on 06/27/2016 12:08 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I've been taking Lexapro for anxiety & depression for about 8 years. It's been okay for the most part, but over the last year or so, I think it's started to lose its effectiveness, and I'm pretty sure it's starting to make me gain weight, too. So I think I want to switch to a different drug.

My question is, who should I go to to figure this out and get a new prescription? I'd rather not go to a regular family practice doctor because they would probably just throw another prescription at me without even talking much about it to determine what's best for me. I know this might involve a trial & error guessing game, but I just don't feel like a family practice doctor could make the best decision for me 30 seconds after meeting me. I want someone who is more of a specialist in mental health. I also don't come across as depressed or anxious when I'm out in public or with strangers, so most people (including doctors) don't believe me when they find out I struggle with these problems.

I'd rather go to a psychologist so I have the time to describe exactly what I want and need. I have a psychologist who I've been to once before for help with a sleep disorder that I wouldn't mind seeing again on this subject, but I don't think psychologists can prescribe drugs, can they? Unless I'm wrong, that option's out.

My insurance doesn't cover any mental health-type things, and I'd rather not pay someone hundreds of dollars for this. I'm not a current BYU student, so health center / counseling center are not options. I don't want extensive therapy (been there, tried that, they don't believe me, and I can't afford it). I just want to try a new antidepressant that will work better & not make me fat. Any advice on where I should go or what type of medical professional could help me best?

Thanks.

-Doctors are Confusing

A:

Dear you,

It sounds like you're looking for a psychiatrist. To locate a psychiatrist, you could look up which ones are covered by your insurance, or ask for a referral from a general practitioner. (Some psychiatrists may not see you without a referral anyways, and it's always a good idea to make sure they're in-network, so it might be best to do both of these things.)

-Zedability


1 Correction
Question #87098 posted on 06/27/2016 12:08 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is there a real tree with burnt orange leaves with fruit that is orange/brown and looks like a cross between an artichoke and a pinecone, and the meat of said fruit is neon lime green?

-El Guayo, quien vio dicho fruto en una pelicula en un lugar muy sagrado....

A:

Dear you,

Unfortunately, it doesn't look like any of us are familiar with a fruit like this, although Ardilla suggested that it could be a cherimoya that was painted orange.

Sorry we couldn't be of more help!

-Zedability


0 Corrections
Question #86852 posted on 06/27/2016 11:50 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

How come Kim Jong Un become the leader... Ahem dictator... Instead of his three older siblings? Was he the favorite son or from the favorite wife??? Or were his older brothers not interested or incapable of doing so?

-Tom on Cruise

A:

Dear you,

I'm really sorry that this question has fallen through the cracks and taken so long.

Essentially, it sounds like Kim Jong Il was in charge of selecting the next Supreme Leader; there wasn't some sort of lineage-based succession policy already in place. Therefore, the relative age of his children wasn't a factor in the decision. According to Huffington Post, Kim Jong Il doubted the capability of at least one older brother, Kim Jong Nam, because he seemed like too much of a partier to be a strong leader. I assume that similar character flaws prevented Kim Jong Un's other brothers from being selected.

-Zedability


0 Corrections
Sunday, June 26, 2016
Question #87118 posted on 06/26/2016 11:26 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I kind of want to observe and celebrate BOTH the 4th of July and Canada Day, and I was thinking about getting a T-shirt of the American Flag that has Maple leaves (instead of white stars)! I saw someone walk out of Stadium of Fire a number of years ago with a shirt like this, and I thought it was the best thing ever, but I can't find one for myself. Can you help me find one? Any other cute American-Canadian hybrid shirts you'd recommend for an adult female?

-Candid non-Canadian

A:

Dear you,

I don't have an actual answer for you, I just wanted to share this beautiful picture of my friend dressed up for Canada Day last year.

Brendan Canada Day.jpg

Love,

Luciana

A:

Dear you,

CafePress has a plethora of Canadian/American t-shirt designs. Unfortunately, I could not find the specific one you were looking for.

-Zedability


0 Corrections
Question #87125 posted on 06/26/2016 10:18 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Has the length of board answers increased over time? It seems that whenever I click the "I'm Board!" button and hit an older answer, the length is much less than the answers I see today. I wonder if there's a mathematical trend...?

-Λrchetype

A:

Dear Λrchetype,

Yes, indeed, the average length of Board responses has trended upward significantly.  Response length has increased from an average of ~750 characters in 2003 to ~1250 characters in 2016.  One influence would be that many of the early years would have had answers printed and posted on the physical board and this would have encouraged less verbose answers.

I tried to create a graph potting the number of characters in every Board response, but my spreadsheet really doesn't want to make that graph (over 140,000 rows is too much apparently) and I don't have time to to mess with more accommodating tools at the moment.  So instead, I took the average response length per day and plotted that.  But to make the plot useful I had to remove some outliers.  I removed any day where the average response length was greater than 5000 characters.  We had one writer, *ahem* Sheebs *ahem*, who made a mess out of the data by submitting a response with over 2.3 million characters in it.  My browser doesn't like loading that response either....

Anyway, on to the graph:

Average_response_length_per_day.png

-Curious Physics Minor


0 Corrections
Question #87124 posted on 06/26/2016 9:44 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is Rey just super duper powerful? As in, with some training she will far and away be the most powerful Jedi ever? Or is Kylo Ren just so weak that he could be beaten by anybody, even a completely untrained amateur?

-My Name Here

A:

Dear you,

I just read this scene in the novelization, hoping to get some insights. There really wasn't anything in there we couldn't see on the screen, but it reminded me of the details.

First, Kylo Ren had just been shot by Chewbacca's bowcaster. That would have to put a damper on things.

Second, Ren wanted to keep Rey alive. He had told himself that he needed information, or a secret apprentice, or perhaps both. In reality he was fighting against both intrigue and compassion towards her, making it hard for him to be the bad guy.

Third, Ren's training was rather incomplete. This was likely the first time he faced a real challenge. On the other hand, Rey had fought to survive her whole life. She had just discovered the Force, did everything she could do escape, been reunited with Finn, and seen Han die. By this point she was filled with passion and the will to do whatever it took to win.

Fourth, Anakin's lightsaber reacted very strongly to Rey, so whatever her heritage is, it's strong. She was going through a rather large outpouring of the Force after a lifetime of waiting to discover it. Perhaps even the will of the Force was on her side, hence the title, "The Force Awakens." Regardless, I don't doubt she's going to be really powerful by movie nine.

However, I wouldn't say Kylo Ren lacks strength. Remember how he stopped that blaster bolt at the beginning of the film? That was awesome! Rather, I'd say he lacks purpose. He's unsure of his path, and even killing his own father didn't solve that for him. His heart isn't in it, and until he figures that out either way, he's going to really struggle.

-Kirito

A:

Dear person,

I think that Rey has already had some training that she doesn't remember. It's very plausible that she was also being trained by Luke and that he or someone else saved her from the Knights of Ren.

-Sheebs

A:

Dear you,

I'd just like to point out that the movies have always relied on the idea of an untrained, yet destined, force-sensitive hero becoming a Jedi and defeating the supposedly more powerful/better trained Dark Side person. In the original trilogy, Luke Skywalker has totally inadequate training compared to what Darth Vader received, and he's still able to hold his own in a lightsaber battle for a while in Return of the Jedi. True, you could argue that the whole "fighting your own son" thing had something to do with it, but as the other writers have mentioned, we don't yet know everything about what Kylo's motivations are.

I also think that while Kylo Ren is powerful, his passion results in a lack of control. On the other hand, Rey is a very controlled and focused person. This helps her to use the Force more effectively, even though she ought to be at a disadvantage as a beginner.

-Zedability


0 Corrections
Question #87071 posted on 06/26/2016 7:52 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

While perusing the common misconceptions page on Wikipedia, I came across the etrog, which I had never heard of before. It made me wonder: what are some of strangest fruits you've come across?

-Random Enquirer

A:

Dear Random Enquirer,

Three fruits I ate on my mission stand out to me as "strange," although two of them were actually really good.

The strangest-looking fruit I can think of eating was rambutan, which you can actually find in stores around here, although it doesn't look very fresh. It's about the size of a walnut, with hair-like spines protruding from the leathery skin. The flesh tastes a lot like grape, but slightly astringent.

The worst thing I've ever eaten my life was a noni fruit. According to Wikipedia, it's sometimes called starvation fruit, and I imagine it's because you have to be starving to even consider eating it. Seriously guys, it's terrible. While I was in my first area, my trainer (who was apparently a sadist) had me try a bite of ripe noni, and I can't even remember if I managed to swallow it. I think the experience was so traumatic that my mind is blocking out parts of it. It tastes like a mix of vomit and rotten fruit, along with other foul substances that I won't mention. A couple of weeks later, we were given a pineapple agua fresca that had some noni in it, and it was all I could do to finish one glass because the stench of it was so bad. I don't care what health benefits it supposedly has, there is nothing you can do that would convince me to eat noni ever again. Gross.

In contrast, one of the best fruits I've ever eaten was the papausa, which is apparently called ilama in English. It looks kinda weird on the outside, but the inside tastes so good. The flesh is either white or pink, and it's smooth and it's creamy and it's so delectable. Wikipedia says that the pink-fleshed variety is tart, but that wasn't my experience. There was a difference in flavor (the pink ones are even better than the white ones), but I would definitely still describe the pink ones as sweet. If you think they look like a soursop (or guanabana), don't be fooled: ilama tastes a thousand times better. Apparently it's also similar to cherimoya, which I haven't tried, but the descriptions I've read look similar. Seriously guys, if you ever get a chance to try some ilama, don't pass it up.

-The Entomophagist

P.S. If you want to know about a fruit that is not strange but is delicious, ask me some time about mango piña.

A:

Dear RE,

Bala is the most heavenly fruit on earth! It's a Taiwanese guava that is about the size of an apple. I miss it almost every day. 

Also, I used to hike a trail back home where you can pick wild strawberry guava. We'd eat so much during the hike up we would be sick all the way home. Good times.

Perhaps not the weirdest, but the best fruits I'm familiar with!

Cheers,

The Lone Musketeer


0 Corrections
Question #87108 posted on 06/26/2016 7:52 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

I just read Board Question #42174 where Humble Master gives a great summary of the birth of superheroes. At the end, he mentions how he thinks that superhero movies and fads will fade and lose popularity. He wrote that in 2008. It's now 2016 and superhero movies are coming out left and right and their following is stronger than ever. What you think about superhero movies? Do you like them? Do you think it will lose popularity eventually? Or will Marvel become the next Land Before Time and keep making movies until they run out of Roman numerals?

-Spectre

A:

Dear Spec,

I think if Spider-Man is any indicator, Marvel will keep revamping and recasting, with hardly any time passed since the previous project.

As Mo pointed out to me, Batman is rebooted a lot more than Spider-Man.  I have to confess - I love the concept of Batman, but I really dislike how DC is presenting their movies.  DC's movies bug me, and after what I've heard about Batman vs Superman, it seems that many people are on my side.

Also, Andrew Garfield was the best Spider-Man ever.  I've seen Captain America: Civil War, and while I enjoyed it, Tom Holland does not rock my boat.

We don't talk about Tobey Maguire's Spider-Man.  We just don't.

However, I immensely enjoy Marvel movies.  I think that after a few failed attempts, Marvel Studios has found a good formula and niche that works for them and obviously creates a crap-ton of revenue, so they will no doubt beat that dead horse until it stops bringing in money.  There are at least 7 more movies expected in the next 3 years within the Marvel universe, and even if the appeal of superheroes wanes between now and then, I can guarantee I will see every single one of them.

-April Ludgate

A:

Dear person,

Superhero movies are my movie genre pet peeve. Whenever someone drags me to a new superhero movie I feel like I'm watching the same boring and uncreative thing over and over. I hope Humble Master is right that it's only a fad and will stop soon. But I'm starting to lose the will to hope. It's so sad.

-Sheebs

A:

Dear Spectre,

I have thoughts coming from a few different angles here. Let's see if I can make them play nicely with each other.

First, I'm going to put this right out in the open: I am not at all annoyed by the multiple Spider-Man reboots, and I don't think I ever will be. I have been a fan of Spider-Man ever since I was little, long before I ever saw him in a movie or read one of his comics. I can't honestly say why I've always been such a fan growing up (though there are certainly parallels; I've always been shy and nerdy and somewhat weird, and in middle school I did have quite the crush on a fun, outgoing redhead), but I have, and that deep and abiding fan-ship means that I want to see as much of him as I can. I appreciate all of the movies for the different aspects of the character that they focused on, and I can't wait to see what's coming next (though right now I have to say that I think Tom Holland is my favorite).

Now, does that apply to all superheroes (and, by extension, their movies)? Not really, no. Even before Batman vs. Superman started getting terrible reviews, I just didn't have much interest in seeing it. This isn't DC vs. Marvel fanboyism; for some reason it just didn't appeal to me. Even on the Marvel front, I'm a little fatigued. Three Marvel movies (Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Iron Man 3, and Thor: The Dark World) came out during my mission, and it took nearly two years for me to catch up on all three of them. I saw Age of Ultron and Civil War in theaters, but I didn't check out Ant Man until just a few weeks ago. I didn't go see X-Men: Age of Apocalypse, and I'm not sure I'll ever go out of my way to do so.

So you could say I'm a little burnt out by superhero movies, but I'm not so far gone as to boycott them completely. Honestly, it's just a little hard to stay invested when there are so many characters and plotlines to follow. Additionally, it just feels different than it used to. I remember back in 2008 when Iron Man first came out. People were like "oh, a new superhero. He's pretty cool I guess." Then, a month later, The Incredible Hulk was released. Before, it seemed like most people were thinking "A new Hulk movie? Wasn't there just one a few years ago? What's going on?" But then they saw the movie and they were like "WHAT? TONY STARK WAS IN IT? WHAT IS GOING ON?" I don't want to say that this sort of crossover was completely unheard of before, because something in the back of my head says it wasn't, but it definitely felt like something new and exciting. More movies came out: Iron Man 2, Captain America: The First Avenger, and Thor. Those movies helped build the excitement, but it's important to note that they weren't necessarily amazing on their own: Rotten Tomatoes reports their average critic scores as 72%, 80%, and 77%, respectively. Certainly not bad, but not the greatest, either. With that in mind, it suddenly became a big thing to see how The Avengers was going to do. It ended up being a smash hit, and the culmination of everything felt really good.

Since then, a little bit of the magic has left for me. These aren't exactly underdog movies now; the characters are so mainstream that it's almost a given that tons of people are going to watch them. Additionally, since The Avengers, there's been a lot more crossing over in between individual movies: Cap shows up in Thor 2, Falcon fights Scott Lang in Ant-Man, and the third Thor movie is actually going to be about both Thor and the Hulk. On one hand, that's great, because that's how things are in the comics: all of the heroes inhabit the same world and step into and out of each other's stories. On the other hand, it now seems like a ton of movie time is now spent setting up other movies. It's nice, but also a bit overbearing.

One other small concern I have is about the talent involved in these films. It seems like a disproportionate amount of acting talent is getting drawn into the Marvel or DC Universes. Again, in some aspects that's good, because it means that these characters are getting the attention they deserve and won't just be thrown away on some C-list actor. However, a lot of these actors are so good that I want to see them in things other than superhero movies, and it seems like that could be a problem going forward as crossovers keep happening. Specifically, last weekend I finally got around to watching the Sherlock Christmas special ("The Abominable Bride") with Mère Rubik. I liked it a lot, and I couldn't help but wonder if the next season was taking so long because Martin Freeman and Benedict Cumberbatch have both been swept up by the superhero movies.

In the end, I'll probably stick it out and watch all of the Marvel movies until the end of Infinity War. We've still got Doctor Strange, Captain Marvel, Black Panther, and Spider-Man: Homecoming, after all. When that's all said and done, though, I think I'd be fine if we all moved on as a society and explored other genres. There are so many interesting stories to tell, and as much as I love superheros and comics, I don't think they have a monopoly on quality storytelling. 

-Frère Rubik

P.S. Though superhero movies may not always be as popular, as humans we've been obsessed with the idea of men and women with extraordinary powers since essentially the dawn of civilization. I don't think that's going away any time soon.


0 Corrections
Question #87119 posted on 06/26/2016 7:51 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Is the definition of art subjective?

Let's say there is a painting, or a sculpture, or a film, or whatever sort of medium, that you truly think is astounding, meaningful...in short, "art". You show this to a friend, who turns their nose up at it, saying it is "dreadful; if you had any brains about you, you would hate that as much as I do!" This friend instead prefers "finer" things, which you also see some beauty in, but others things they prefer...you feel they are uninspired, and even ugly or bad. You, however, are a nice person (or at least passive aggressive) and don't say cruel things about your friend's taste in media...to their face, that is...

Is your friend "stupid" for liking "bad" art? Or are you the one who is "stupid" for not liking what your friend does? Is either one of your intelligences somehow diminished by your taste in media?

If you happen to be the only person in the world who likes the thing you do...is the majority "right", and your brain is rubbish for liking "stupid" things? Or, is what you like meaningful and artistic - because you like it? Can the majority "like" something; consider it "bold", "new", "creative"; and can you hate it without being "wrong" or "dumb"?

Is art subjective? Is there truly "good" or "bad" art? Or just art that is preferred or despised?

--Hypothetical Not(?)

A:

Dear you,

As Alta and Luciana said so aptly in Board Question #86909, art has to convey an idea, and the artist has to have deliberately tried to convey an idea (they don't necessarily have to be the same idea, though). In that sense, I don't think that the definition of art is subjective. Different people appreciate art differently, but that doesn't make something not art.

As to whether there is good or bad art, I think the answer is a lot trickier. I don't think there is any really bad art, but there is definitely badly executed art. If the prose is clumsy, the acting is transparent, or the premise is cliche, then the art is badly executed. It doesn't mean they're bad, and it doesn't mean that people won't find some meaning or enjoyment from it; it just means that it could have been done better. Two examples that come to mind are the Inheritance cycle and the Star Wars prequel trilogy.

I really like reading the Inheritance cycle. The characters are relatable, the story is interesting, and the magic system makes more sense than it does in some other fantasy series (looking at you, Harry Potter). However, while the writing is impressive for a teenager, it doesn't really stand up to the works of other authors as a work of literature. The plot is also very archetypal, which is why it seems so much like a clone of the original Star Wars trilogy. Because of this, when I do read it, I have to focus on appreciating the things I enjoy, rather than criticizing the flaw I see.

The prequel trilogy of Star Wars is kinda the same way. I really like the political undertones and how it documents the (albeit fictional) progression of Anakin Skywalker from an innocent boy to Darth Vader. I like looking at the parallels with the political and personal developments we see in ourselves and the world around us. It's hard sometimes to watch, though, thanks to badly executed CGI, an emphasis on slapstick humor, and badly scripted/acted lines. That's why I like to talk, read, and think about it more than I like to watch it.

Your use of quotation marks makes it seem like you've been dealing with a friend or friends judging you for your taste in art. In response to that, I would like to express how important it is you be around people that respect your opinions. Some teasing and such is fine, but calling someone stupid or dumb based on their artistic preferences isn't really okay. It could be that you are taking this more seriously than they are, but if it bothers you, you should probably talk to them about it.

-The Entomophagist


0 Corrections
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

One of my friends just got her first job as a 6th grade teacher starting this fall! Yay! Anyway, the other day I was at a bookstore and saw some books that I thought would be good for the 9-13 age group that would make a good gift for her classroom and own personal library. Unfortunately, this bookstore is having a sale and I need more books in order to get the sale price.

What are some books you enjoyed reading (or having read to you) when you were between 4th and 7th grade? The more suggestions the merrier!

Readers, feel free to chime in on the Board Comment Board or TheBoardBoard with any recommendations.

-Shrinky Dink

A:

Dear Shrinky Dink,

  • Harry Potter, of course.
  • I highly recommend all Louis Sachar books.  Holes was my favorite in fifth grade.
  • The Warriors Series
  • I second The Lone Musketeer's recommendation for City of Ember.
  • Young Wizards series
  • The Dark is Rising series
  • The Seventh Tower series
-April Ludgate
A:

Dear Shrinky-Dinky,

My recommendations are all of the following series (I just listed the first book of each): 

  • Gregor the Overlander
  • City of Ember
  • Inkheart
  • Among the Hidden
  • The Dark Hills Divide 
  • Hank the Cowdog (this may be a little underage...but they're funny!)

I'm sorry if any of these are inappropriate for the intended audience. I honestly don't remember so much about them. Also, I've read all of Spectre's suggestions (except Pendragon) and they are all GREAT. Especially Artemis Fowl. Those books were my CHILDHOOD. 

Cheers,

The Lone Musketeer

A:

Dear Shrink,

I like reading but I'm slow so when I read books I feel very accomplished. So here are some of the books I read in that time that I liked:

  • Eragon (4 books)
  • Pendragon (10 books) 
  • Ender's Game, Ender in Exile and Ender's Shadow (in that order because Ender in Exile is between Ender's Game and Speaker for the Dead but has the same feel as Ender's Game and then Ender's Shadow has a huge intro that you have to get past so it would be easier to read it if you have something cool to look forward to) (just those three for that age group I would say)
  • Artemis Fowl (um, 5-ish books? That's as far as I read.)
  • Harry Potter (7 books)
  • Animorphs (54 books. They are for younger kids. I did not read all of them but you really just need to read the first few, one or two others for major events in the middle and then the last few. They are pretty self-contained for the most part.)
Those are all I can remember. Man, I feel good about having read this many books. I know it's nothing compared to many of my fellow writers but I feel accomplished for being able to read all these series. And I liked all of those books so I would recommend all of them.
 
-Spectre 
 
P.S. I once home taught a girl who had read 50 books in the year by the middle of March. She would be able to give much better recommendations for books. She also probably didn't like every book she read like I did.
 
A:

Dear you,

Harry Potter is , of course a must, but apart from that, here are some of my favorites that I read at that age (and continue to re-read):

  • The Chronicles of Narnia - seven books
  • Treasure Island - one of the very few required readings in school that I actually enjoyed.
  • All Creatures Great and SmallAll Things Bright and Beautiful, All Things Wise and Wonderful - A series about the life of a country vet in the Yorkshire Dales. The three books listed above are the best of them, in my opinion. 
  • Peter and the Starcatchers series - four books, and Return to Neverland as a prologue. 
  • Belles on Their Toes the sequel to Cheaper by the Dozen. Belles on Their Toes is the story of the twelve Gilbreth children after their father dies - I like this book better than Cheaper By the Dozen. It's a warm-hearted book.

I'm sure you'll find something your friend will like. Enjoy!

-Squirrel


0 Corrections
Question #87083 posted on 06/26/2016 7:30 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Michael McLean often writes music and then brings in other people to do the vocals for him. I'm trying to figure out who sang the vocals on a few of his older albums. Internet searches rarely even turn up a track list (much less vocal artists). I live outside of the Jell-O Belt, so I can't just pop into a Seagull Book and Tape or Deseret Book. So my question is, who did the vocals for each of the songs in the albums Celebrating the Light (1983) and A New Kind of Love Song (1988)?

―Damasta

A:

Dear Damasta,

As this question has hit 174 hours without a response, I don't think this answer will be easy to find. I did some basic Google research myself, but came up with nothing. The album itself lists the artist as just Michael McLean, which is rather unhelpful. Both albums are also out of print, so I don't think they'll be too easy to track down.

If any reader knows the answer and would like to submit a correction, feel free. Otherwise, I sent an email to the address listed on Michael McLean's website. I imagine it will take a while to get a response, so I'll post a correction to this question if someone ever gets back to me.

Love,

Luciana


0 Corrections
Question #87109 posted on 06/26/2016 6:58 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What are your thoughts about 3rd party candidates Jill Stein and Gary Johnson? I like some of Johnson's policies, but does he even have a shot this November? Would either of them be better commander-in-chiefs than Trump/Clinton?


-Cauthon

A:

Dear Mat,

Honestly, I haven't heard a lot about Jill Stein. She hasn't shown up in my Facebook feed as having done or said anything really noteworthy. Her Power to the People Plan doesn't give many specifics on how she would get things done, but there are some things that I like and things that I disagree with. I agree that conservation is important, but I disagree with the aspects she focuses on. For instance, she vows to "label GMOs, and put a moratorium on GMOs and pesticides until they are proven safe." That would be okay, if it weren't for the fact that they have already been proven safe. I agree with her goals on "Freedom and Equality," "Justice for All," and "Peace and Human Rights." I'm sure that her ideas for energy, economic, healthcare, and educational reform are well-meaning, but I think they put too much stock in how much the federal government can and/or should do, and that her proposals for electoral reform put too much faith in the people's ability to know what's best for them. As far as whether she would be a better president than the Republican or Democratic options, I only say yes for the same reason that I would have been okay with Bernie Sanders as president. That is, the policies I disagree with would be much harder to enact than the ones I agree with.

On the other hand, I've been seeing a lot about Gary Johnson, and I agree with nearly every one of his stances. Unlike Clinton or Trump, both Johnson and Weld (his running mate) have served in elected executive positions as two-term governors, and from what I can tell, they did so quite successfully.

Do either of them have a shot, though? I don't think Stein has much of a shot. Unlike Johnson, I can't see a Republican House electing her in the event of a contested electoral college, and that's even if she manages to win any states. I think the most she could do is be a spoiler for Hillary.

Unless Johnson campaigns really well and manages to be taken seriously in presidential debates, I don't think he'll win the presidency through the electoral college, but I don't think it's impossible for him to win a state or two. If he does, and no one candidate ends up getting a majority of votes in the electoral college, it's a definite possibility that the House would pick him over Hillary or Trump. And wouldn't that be historic!

At the end of the day, I don't think you should base your support for a given politician on how likely you think they are to win. If you agree with Johnson's positions more than the other candidates, go ahead and vote for him!

-The Entomophagist

A:

Hello Kitty,

I am seriously considering voting for Dr. Stein.

-M.O.D.A.Q.

A:

Dear you,

I want everyone who's going to vote independent to vote for Gary Johnson, regardless of whether they agree with his platform. This is for two main reasons:

  • He's consistently libertarian, which means he favors less government intervention in both social and economic spheres. Therefore, his policies are less likely to step on anyone's ideological toes.
  • One independent candidate getting a lot of the vote is going to do a whole lot more to disrupt the two-party system than a bunch of candidates getting little bits of the vote.

I definitely think Johnson would be a better president than Trump. I think he would be better than Clinton in some ways, and she would be better than him in some ways - but then again, I lean Democrat.

I think Johnson is a great middle ground between the current Democrat and Republican parties. I also think that seeing him get a lot of the vote would help both parties to realign to a more electable platform instead of talking past each other.

I'm getting more and more enthusiastic about Johnson the longer I think about this. Can everybody please just vote for him? He's already polling well in Utah - I think this could make an actual difference.

-Zedability


0 Corrections
Question #87090 posted on 06/26/2016 6:57 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Why are they called "mug" shots? Is it because they are muggers? Or their face would be put on a mug? Wait... that's milk carton and for the innocent folk... So why are they called "mug" shots again? How'd it get started?

-Mumbo Jumbo

A:

Hello Kitty,

Because it's a shot of your mug, i.e. your face.

-M.O.D.A.Q.


0 Corrections
Posted on 06/26/2016 4:35 p.m. New Correction on: #87120 Dear Kirito, Which name-ending honorific is used by Japanese Mormons in prayer? -My Name Here
Question #87121 posted on 06/26/2016 3:25 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Lights! Camera! Action!

Let's say that all of you writers suddenly have to become hosts on Fox and CNN News, who is who? In this corner, we have Fox News -- Who will be Bill O'Reilly, Hannity, Megyn Kelly, Greta Van Susteren, Bret Brier, and Trump? And maybe Watters (Watters World)? In the other corner, we have CNN, who will be Anderson Cooper, Brooke Baldwin, Richard Quest, Wolf Blitzer, Erin Burnett, Sanjay Gupta, and Hillary Clinton? Why or why not?

-Tom on a Cruise

A:

Dear São João de João Pessoa,

Ew, random people and angry networks. I'm more of an NPR person, myself. While he's no longer on NPR, nor do I really think I'm like him, I aspire to be like Ira Glass: calm, inquisitive, pleasant, and not afraid to dig into the tough questions.

Suerte,

--Ardilla Feroz

A:

Dear Couch Jumper,

I would want to be either Anderson Cooper or Wolf Blitzer. Anderson Cooper is probably the most handsome newscaster currently newscasting. Wolf Blitzer is also handsome, in a more elderly, dignified way, plus his name is Wolf. I mean, come on: if you had the chance to be named Wolf, wouldn't you jump at it?

-Frère Rubik has seen very little of either gentleman's actual newscasting and so does not know if his opinions/mannerisms actually align with his choices.

P.S. Like Ardilla, I'd rather associate myself with people outside of broadcast journalism. If we're talking radio, I'd go with Robert Krulwich or Sarah Koenig (part of me also wants to say David Sedaris, but then he's not really a journalist and when you read his books you realize that, while he is funny, David Sedaris is a really odd fellow). For print journalism, I'd go with David Barry or Joel Stein.


0 Corrections
Question #87120 posted on 06/26/2016 12:44 p.m.
Q:

Dear Kirito,

Which name-ending honorific is used by Japanese Mormons in prayer?

-My Name Here

A:

Dear person,

First, a disclaimer. I'm not an expert at Japanese. In fact, I'm very much a beginner, and I don't have any Asian blood in me at all. I enjoy the language, but the only languages I'm actually fluent in are English and Swedish.

However, my dad served his mission in Japan, so I asked him this question. He said that a few people would sometimes be overly formal in prayer, but in general the standard polite forms were formal enough. The common way to address a father is "oto-san." To take it one step up and show an increased amount of respect you use "oto-sama." It's the latter form that gets used in prayer. So it's not like the special title the Emporer gets, or like the Old English we use in English. It's just a respectful way of addressing family. Japanese is a really nuanced language when it comes to expressing politeness level, so they don't really need an extra language of prayer like we do in English because they already have the tools they need built in.

-Kirito


1 Correction
Question #87114 posted on 06/26/2016 9:49 a.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

Because why?

-Ishizu Ishtar

A:

Dear person,

Screen Shot 2016-06-23 at 11.43.12 PM.png

-Sheebs and friends


0 Corrections
Question #87116 posted on 06/26/2016 8:08 a.m.
Q:

Dear Bachelorette Contestants,

Challenge #2: Woo me with a single picture.

XOXO,
The Bachelorette

A:

Dear Contestants,

Obviously for the sake of anonymity, this need not be a picture that will identify you. But find something that you feel is romantic, or impressive, or otherwise noteworthy. If you choose a picture from the internet, please include the source with your submission.

Submissions should be sent to thebachelorette@theboard.byu.edu.

Remember to include your chosen 'nym with your submission email.

For Challenge #2, submissions are due by 11:59 p.m. on Friday, July 1st.

Woo away!

XOXO,

The Bachelorette


0 Corrections
Saturday, June 25, 2016
Question #87113 posted on 06/25/2016 11:06 p.m.
Q:

Dear 100 Hour Board,

What should I do for my science fair project?

-Proactive High School Student

A:

Dear PHSS,

I really want to be helpful with this question. Unfortunately, my schools were very lame when it came to science fairs. My elementary school stopped holding science fairs after my third grade year (although the beloved "history fair" continues to this day. Annoying), and there were definitely none in middle or high school. I did get the chance to judge a science fair when I was a senior, but once again, it was an elementary fair.

In that regard, I don't have a lot of applicable advice as far as high school science fairs. I have no idea what the standards of competition are or what kind of experiments are usually seen/done. However, I do have a few ideas, in general, about science fairs.

First, pick something you're interested in. Maybe this goes without saying, but you'll be a lot more motivated to see your experiment through to the end if you're personally invested in it. Be less concerned about winning and more concerned about learning/exploring. If you're more invested in your project, you'll naturally become more of an expert on it, and it'll make your presentation a lot better.

Second, broaden your horizons when it comes to thinking about what "science" is. We tend to think of science as mostly Chemistry, Biology, and Physics, and I'd say most science projects tend to fall in one of those categories. Because of this, I was super impressed when one of the elementary school kids in the fair I judged did a social science experiment. She doodled two different shapes on pieces of paper, then came up with two names and asked people which name they thought went with which doodle. For one test, she just stopped random people in person and asked them to name the doodles. For her other test, she had her parents post the pictures on Facebook and ask their friends to comment on which name they felt was the best match for each shape. The goal of the experiment was to see how much the opinions of other people would affect someone's choices. It was a really interesting presentation, and it came from the social sciences. There's all sorts of things that you can create a hypothesis for and then test, so don't limit yourself to what's traditional. 

Third, make it applicable. Sure, you've discovered that hard-boiled eggs spin differently than soft-boiled, but so what? Why could that be important to know? How can we apply it to our existing technology to improve it? Ask yourself lots of questions like that, and it'll help focus your presentation.

Fourth, don't do the "lots of different liquids in a jar with different densities" project. Again, I don't even know if that's a thing in high school science fairs, but just don't do it. It's boring, it's hard to apply to real life, and quite often it just looks gross. Don't do it.

Good luck! Happy sciencing!

-Frère Rubik


0 Corrections
Question #87115 posted on 06/25/2016 11:05 p.m.
Q:

Knock knock
Who's there
Dishes
Dishes who?

Dishes a bad joke

Ah hahahaha!

What's your favorite joke?

A:

Hello Kitty,

I know a great 'Knock, Knock' joke. You start.

-M.O.D.A.Q.

A:

Dear Monty,

If someone is choking on an ice cube, should you start the Heimlich, or just wait?

I feel like I stole this from a Board post...

Cheers,

The Lone Musketeer

P.S. I reserve the right to steal your joke.


0 Corrections
Posted on 06/25/2016 6:23 p.m. New Correction on: #87104 I read that the original and first Cinderella story that the Fairy Godmother was actually a ...